How to Get Rid of Teeth Stains
The food you eat, the drinks you take, your oral hygiene, and the medications you use are factors that contribute to the stains you see on your teeth. When stains stick on a tooth’s surface, it makes the tooth lose its natural white appearance leading to the loss of its luminosity. Although many factorslead to teeth discoloration, it’s possible to reverse the process or even prevent the staining from occurring.
What Are the Causes of Tooth Stains?
To successfully prevent teeth stains, you first have to learn the habits, lifestyles, or foods that cause the staining. Below is a list of the most common agents of teeth stains:
- Foods – Eating foods or spices that contain strong pigments can make it easy for stains to adhere to the teeth surface. Examples of ingested commodities that darken the enamel include; pasta sauce, balsamic vinegar, berries, curry, and food dye.
- Drinks – Tea, coffee, wine, soda, and sports beverages are some of the liquid culprits that cause teeth stains. Most of these liquids tend to have high acid levels, and since they can get into the cracks and spaces between teeth, they make it difficult for one to clean, causing stain issues.
- Tobacco use – The use of tobacco products such as pipe smoke and cigarettes cause teeth to darken and turn brown.
- Age – As people age, their teeth’s enamel wears away, revealing the dentin, which has a yellow appearance. This reduces teeth translucency making them look darker.
- Environment – During teeth formation, exposure to excess fluoride from sources in the environment such as drinking water whose levels of fluoride is high, can lead to fluorosis. Fluorosis gives teeth white spots.
- Dental materials – Amalgam dental restorations containing silver sulfide materials are known to give your teeth casts that are gray-black.
- Dental trauma – If your kid is less than eight years, and he/she suffers from dental trauma during sports, his/her enamel formation can be disturbed. Adult teeth can also get discolored if the adult sustains an injury that causes a decrease in bloodflow to the teeth.
- Poor oral hygiene – Failure to floss and brush the teeth results in the build-up of food stains and plaque, and so does skipping professional teeth cleanings.
- Diseases – Illnesses that interfere with the normal growth and development of the dentin and enamel can cause dental discoloration.
- Medications – Some drugshave been known to cause discoloration in children who are eight years and below. Examples of such meds include anti-histamines, anti-hypertensive, and anti-psychotic drugs.In addition,medical treatments like neck and head chemotherapy and radiation can also discolor your teeth.
Teeth Whitening Methods
Many people are afraid to try teeth whitening methods because they believe or have heard that it damages the enamel. According to Dr. David Staples, a dental professional in Barrie, ON, Canada, the use of wrong whitening products can cause permanent teeth damage. He encourages persons who have discolored teeth to consult a dental professional first before trying any cosmetic dentistry procedure that whitens teeth.
By examining your teeth, your dentist will let you know if you are a perfect candidate for the procedure, and he/she will also give you suggestions of the methods that might work best for you. Below are examples of damages one might suffer if he/she tries wrong whitening ways:
- Gum irritation
- Teeth sensitivity
- Loss of the enamel
- Teeth etching
- High chances of suffering from tooth fracture
The best way to make your teeth whiter is by visiting a certified dental office for professional whitening or opting for safe DIY at-home options.
At-Home Whitening Methods
If you are a DIY type of person, here are whitening options you can try at homethat are safe for your teeth.
- Whitening strips – Whitening strips are bleaching products shaped according to the user’s dental mold used to whiten teeth. Due to its efficacy and safety, most countries have approved its use.
- Baking soda – Although some argue that baking soda has abrasive effects on the teeth, dental researchers and professionals have approved its use and recommended it.
Whitening toothpaste – Whitening toothpaste contains low levels of hydrogen peroxide, making it efficient in lightening teeth shades.